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Below you will find some references to publications in the area of climate or ocean education

(communication).  If you have any refences not mentioned below, please send the link here.

Thank you 🙏.


Please send URLs or DOIs, preferably for academic publications.  Official reports of organisations working in the area are also welcome, links only please.  Organisations include NOAA, UNESCO, Office for Climate Education (OCE), European Education for Climate Coalition, CANIE, Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network (CLEAN), Education for Climate Coalition, Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE), Alliance for Climate Education,  and many others.

  • The presence of an item in the bibliography below does not constitute approval or endorsement, either of its content, of its reliability or of its quality.

  • Some of the items below are behind paywalls (urgh!).  However, you may be able to get copies by looking in ResearchGate, Google Scholar, HAL, EarthArXiv, ERIC, Semantic Scholar, CORE, BASE, 

  • Some items may appear dated for some scholars.  However, the area of education, conservative as it is, moves slowly, and some work, published years ago, is still relevant, or maybe more relevant than when it was first published.  Do not poo poo older work.

  • The reference style in the items varies, as they have been taken as such from the source.  Your ms must follow the GC style

You will find many publications (mainly abstracts) in the last few years of climate education sessions of the EGU General Assembly.

Other sessions also include climate or ocean education, for example, the Geo Games sessions.


The following link will return a list of some 70 articles in GC that are related in some way to climate or ocean education.  However, a smaller number only focus principally on the topic.


Leal Filho, W., Sima, M., Sharifi, A. et al. Handling climate change education at universities: An overviewEnviron Sci Eur 33, 109 (2021).

NTU (2021) Carbon Literacy Training

Anderson, A. (2012). Climate Change Education for Mitigation and AdaptationJournal of Education for Sustainable Development, 6(2), 191–206.

Marcia McKenzie (2021): Climate change education and communication
in global review: Tracking progress through national submissions to the UNFCCC Secretariat
Environmental Education Research, DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2021.1903838.

Lesley-Ann L. Dupigny-Giroux (2008) Introduction—Climate Science Literacy: A State of the Knowledge OverviewPhysical Geography, 29:6, 483-486, DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.29.6.483

Mark S. McCaffrey & Susan M. Buhr (2008) Clarifying Climate Confusion: Addressing Systemic Holes, Cognitive Gaps, and Misconceptions Through Climate LiteracyPhysical Geography, 29:6, 512-528, DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.29.6.512

Derek S. Arndt & Daphne S. LaDue (2008) Applying Concepts of Adult Education to Improve Weather and Climate LiteracyPhysical Geography, 29:6, 487-499, DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.29.6.487

John Harrington (2008) Misconceptions: Barriers to Improved Climate LiteracyPhysical Geography, 29:6, 575-584, DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.29.6.575

Anderson, Gwendolyn Monica Hoff, Meet Me in the Middle: A Scoping Review on Understanding Adolescent Needs in Climate Communication (2023). Master's Projects and Capstones. 1447.

Lavonen, J. (2022). Climate education: A grand challenge. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 21(2), 176-178.

Victoria Wibeck, Enhancing learning, communication and public engagement about climate 
change – some lessons from recent literature
, 2013, Environmental Education Research 

Szczepankiewicz, E.I.; Fazlagi´c, J.; Loopesko, W. A.  Conceptual Model for Developing Climate Education in Sustainability.  Management Education System.  Sustainability 2021, 13, 1241.

Martha C. Monroe, Richard R. Plate, Annie Oxarart, Alison Bowers & Willandia A. Chaves (2017): Identifying effective climate change education strategies: A systematic review of the research, Environmental Education Research, DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2017.1360842.

Hanne Svarstad (2021) Critical climate education: Studying climate justice in time and space, International Studies in Sociology of Education, 30:1-2, 214-232, DOI: 10.1080/09620214.2020.1855463.

K. C. Busch, Joseph A. Henderson & Kathryn T. Stevenson (2018):  Broadening epistemologies and methodologies in climate change education research,  Environmental Education Research.

Alan Reid (2019)  Climate change education and research: Possibilities and potentials versus problems and perils?,  Environmental Education Research, 25:6, 767-790, DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2019.1664075

Caren B. Cooper, Media Literacy as a Key Strategy toward Improving Public Acceptance of Climate Change Science,  BioScience, Volume 61, Issue 3, March 2011, Pages 231–237,

Selm KR, Peterson MN, Hess GR, Beck SM, McHale MR (2019)  Educational attainment predicts negative perceptions women have of their own climate change knowledge.  PLoS ONE 14(1): e0210149.

Moser, S.C. (2010).  Communicating climate change: History, challenges, process and future directions.  Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1.

Dupigny-Giroux, L. (2010).  Exploring the Challenges of Climate Science Literacy: Lessons from Students, Teachers and Lifelong Learners.  Geography Compass, 4, 1203-1217.

Akriti Khadka, Christine Jie Li, Sonja Wilhelm Stanis & Mark Morgan (2021)  Unpacking the power of place-based education in climate change communicationApplied Environmental Education & Communication, 20:1, 77-91, DOI: 10.1080/1533015X.2020.1719238

Carrie Karsgaard & Debra Davidson (2023)  Must we wait for youth to speak out before we listen? International youth perspectives and climate change education,  Educational Review, 75:1, 74-92, DOI: 10.1080/00131911.2021.1905611

Molthan-Hill, P., Blaj-Ward, L., Mbah, M. F., & Ledley, T. S. (2022).  Climate change education at universities: Relevance and strategies for every discipline.  In Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation (pp. 3395-3457).  Cham: Springer International Publishing.

McGinnis, J. R., McDonald, C., Hestness, E., & Breslyn, W. (2016).  An Investigation of Science Educators' View of Roles and Responsibilities for Climate Change Education.  Science Education International, 27(2), 179-193.


Julie Lee Lambert & Robert E. Bleicher (2014)  Improving Climate Change Communication Starting with Environmental Educators,  Journal of Geoscience Education, 62:3, 388-401, DOI: 10.5408/13-062.1

Corner, A., Roberts, O., Chiari, S., Völler, S., Mayrhuber, E. S., Mandl, S., & Monson, K. (2015).  How do young people engage with climate change? The role of knowledge, values, message framing, and trusted communicators.  Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 6(5), 523-534.

Stevenson, K.T., Peterson, M.N., Bondell, H.D. et al.  Overcoming skepticism with education: interacting influences of worldview and climate change knowledge on perceived climate change risk among adolescents.  Climatic Change 126, 293–304 (2014).

Blanche Verlie CCR 15 (2020)  From action to intra-action? Agency, identity and ‘goals’ in a relational approach to climate change education,  Environmental Education Research, 26:9-10, 1266-1280, DOI: 10.1080/13504622.2018.1497147

Sharma, A.  Global Climate Change: What has Science Education Got to Do with it?.  Sci & Educ 21, 33–53 (2012).

Mark S. McCaffrey & Susan M. Buhr (2008)  Clarifying Climate Confusion: Addressing Systemic Holes, Cognitive Gaps, and Misconceptions Through Climate Literacy,  Physical Geography, 29:6, 512-528, DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.29.6.512

Adlit, M., & Adlit, M. F. (2022). Teaching Climate Change: A Systematic Review from 2019-2021

Chew, S., & Chief, K. (2023).  Community-engaged participatory climate research with the Pyramid Lake Paiute TribeEcology and Society, 28(1).

Edward Boyes & Martin Stanisstreet (2012)  Environmental Education for Behaviour Change: Which actions should be targeted?International Journal of Science Education, 34:10, 1591-614, DOI: 10.1080/09500693.2011.584079

Johnston, J.D. (2020).  Climate Change Literacy to Combat Climate Change and Its Impacts. In: Leal Filho, W., Azul, A.M., Brandli, L., Özuyar, P.G., Wall, T. (eds) Climate Action.  Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Springer, Cham.

Joseph Onuoha, Emmanuel Eze, Chidiebere Mary-Cynthia Ezeaputa, Jacob Ugbada Okpabi & Jennifer Chioma Onyia (2021)  Does Learning Geography Increase Climate Change Awareness?  A Comparison of School Subjects’ Influence on Climate Change Awareness,  Journal of Geography, 120:4, 140-151, DOI: 10.1080/00221341.2021.1949027

Lavonen, J. (2022).  Climate Education: A Grand Challenge.  Journal of Baltic Science Education, 21(2), 176-178.

Maatz, K. (2019).  A Model of Climate Change Education at the University Level

Murunga, M., G. T. Pecl, E. M. Ogier, P. Leith, C. Macleod, R. Kelly, S. Corney, I. E. Van Putten, D. Mossop, C. Cullen-Knox, S. Bettiol, P. Fox-Hughes, C. Sharples, and J. Nettlefold. 2022.  More than just information: What does the public want to know about climate change?.  Ecology and Society 27(2):14.

Svare, H., M. Gjefsen, A. C. L. den Boer, and K. P. W. Kok. 2023.  Learning systems and learning paths in sustainability transitionsEcology and Society 28(1):22.

Van Kessel, C. (2020).  Teaching the climate crisis: Existential considerations.  Journal of Curriculum Studies Research, 2(1), 129-145.

Yli-Panula, E.; Jeronen, E.; Koskinen, S.; Mäki, S.  Finnish University Students’ Views on Climate Change Education and Their Own Ability to Act as Climate EducatorsEduc. Sci. 2022, 12, 169.


Allen, L. B., & Crowley, K. (n.d.). Moving beyond scientific knowledge: Leveraging participation, relevance, and interconnectedness for climate education.




Aune, V., Panieri, G., & Mohadjer, S. (2023). A journey to a cold seep: A paired teaching video lesson on how scientists study methane in the Arctic Ocean (No. EGU23-4157). EGU23. Copernicus Meetings.


Bell, E. J. (2010). Climate change: What competencies and which medical education and training approaches? BMC Medical Education, 10, 31.


Bhullar, N., Davis, M., Kumar, R., Nunn, P., & Rickwood, D. (2022). Climate anxiety does not need a diagnosis of a mental health disorder. The Lancet Planetary Health, 6(5), e383.


Blair, B., Müller, M., Palerme, C., Blair, R., Crookall, D., Knol-Kauffman, M., & Lamers, M. (2022). Coproducing Sea Ice Predictions with Stakeholders Using Simulation. Weather, Climate, and Society, 14(2), 399–413.


Bowers, A. W., Monroe, M. C., & Adams, D. C. (2016). Climate change communication insights from cooperative Extension professionals in the US Southern states: Finding common ground. Environmental Communication, 10(5), 656–670.


Brennan, M. E., & Madden, D. L. (2023). The evolving call to action for including climate change and environmental sustainability themes in health professional education: A scoping review. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 9, 100200.


Busch, K. C., Henderson, J. A., & Stevenson, K. T. (2019). Broadening epistemologies and methodologies in climate change education research. Environmental Education Research, 25(6), 955–971.


Cordero, E. C., Centeno, D., & Todd, A. M. (2020). The role of climate change education on individual lifetime carbon emissions. PLOS ONE, 15(2), e0206266.


Crookall, D. (n.d.). Is climate change education about to change? LinkedIn. Retrieved 8 May 2023, from


Crookall, D. (2013). Climate Change and Simulation/Gaming: Learning for Survival. Simulation & Gaming, 44(2–3), 195–228.


Cutter-Mackenzie, A., & Rousell, D. (2019). Education for what? Shaping the field of climate change education with children and young people as co-researchers. Children’s Geographies, 17(1), 90–104.


Cutter-Mackenzie-Knowles, A., & Rousell, D. (2020). The Mesh of Playing, Theorizing, and Researching in the Reality of Climate Change: Creating the Co-research Playspace. In A. Cutter-Mackenzie-Knowles, K. Malone, & E. Barratt Hacking (Eds.), Research Handbook on Childhoodnature (pp. 199–222). Springer International Publishing.


Dupigny-Giroux, L.-A., & Cole, A. (2018). Climate Literacy and Education (pp. 9780199874002–0191) [Data set].


Dupigny-Giroux, L.-A. L. (2008). Introduction—Climate Science Literacy: A State of the Knowledge Overview. Physical Geography, 29(6), 483–486.


Dupigny-Giroux, L.-A. L. (2010). Exploring the Challenges of Climate Science Literacy: Lessons from Students, Teachers and Lifelong Learners: Challenges to addressing climate science literacy. Geography Compass, 4(9), 1203–1217.


Dzvimbo, M. A., Mashizha, T. M., Zhanda, K., & Mawonde, A. (2022). Promoting sustainable development goals: Role of higher education institutions in climate and disaster management in Zimbabwe. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 14(1).


Ellerbeck, S. (2022, August 24). Should schools teach climate change studies? These countries think so. World Economic Forum.


Fadadu, R. P., & Erny, B. C. (2021). Necessity and implementation of climate and health education for medical students and physicians. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 1, 100004.


Guthman, P. L., Kaldenberg, P., & Cook, C. (2022). Climate and Environmental Health: Education for Rural Communities. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 18(4), 434–437.


Hage, S. M., Molina, M., & Mccowan, T. (2022). Climate change and the role of universities: The potential of land-based teacher education and agroecology. 38(01).


Hansen, M., Rohn, S., Moglan, E., Sutton, W., & Olagunju, A. T. (2021). Promoting climate change issues in medical education: Lessons from a student-driven advocacy project in a Canadian Medical school. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 3, 100026.


Hickman, C., Marks, E., Pihkala, P., Clayton, S., Lewandowski, R. E., Mayall, E. E., Wray, B., Mellor, C., & van Susteren, L. (2021). Climate anxiety in children and young people and their beliefs about government responses to climate change: A global survey. The Lancet Planetary Health, 5(12), e863–e873.


Hugo-Van Dyk, L., Botma, Y., Ndhlovu, M., & Nyoni, C. N. (2023). A concept analysis on the transfer climate in health sciences education. Heliyon, 9(3), e14299.


Huq, M., English, S., Nagginda, H. P., Bonifacio, J., Deivanayagam, T. A., Issa, R., Chobhthaigh, S. N., Sato, P. D. M., Mulindwa, H., & Devakumar, D. (2023). Developing a guide to climate & health justice education: Process and content. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 9, 100188.


Hurley, E. A., Dalglish, S. L., & Sacks, E. (2022). Supporting young people with climate anxiety: Mitigation, adaptation, and resilience. The Lancet Planetary Health, 6(3), e190.


Jordan, R. C., Sorensen, A. E., & Gray, S. A. (2023). What undergraduate students know and what they want to learn about in climate change education. PLOS Sustainability and Transformation, 2(4), e0000055.


Jowell, A., Lachenauer, A., Lu, J., Maines, B., Patel, L., Nadeau, K., & Erny, B. C. (2023a). A model for comprehensive climate and medical education. The Lancet Planetary Health, 7(1), e2–e3.


Jowell, A., Lachenauer, A., Lu, J., Maines, B., Patel, L., Nadeau, K., & Erny, B. C. (2023b). A model for comprehensive climate and medical education. The Lancet Planetary Health, 7(1), e2–e3.


Keilman, N. (2020). Modelling education and climate change. Nature Sustainability, 3(7), Article 7.


Kumar, P., Sahani, J., Rawat, N., Debele, S., Tiwari, A., Mendes Emygdio, A. P., Abhijith, K. V., Kukadia, V., Holmes, K., & Pfautsch, S. (2023). Using empirical science education in schools to improve climate change literacy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 178, 113232.


Kwauk, C. (2021, November 3). Who’s making the grade on climate change education ambition? Education International.


LaDue, N. D., & Clark, S. K. (2012). Educator Perspectives on Earth System Science Literacy: Challenges and Priorities. Journal of Geoscience Education, 60(4), 372–383.


Lamb, W. F., Mattioli, G., Levi, S., Roberts, J. T., Capstick, S., Creutzig, F., Minx, J. C., Müller-Hansen, F., Culhane, T., & Steinberger, J. K. (2020). Discourses of climate delay. Global Sustainability, 3, e17.


Ledley, T. S., Gold, A. U., Niepold, F., & McCaffrey, M. (2014). Moving Toward Collective Impact in Climate Change Literacy: The Climate Literacy and Energy Awareness Network (CLEAN). Journal of Geoscience Education, 62(3), 307–318.


McKenzie, M. (2021a). Climate change education and communication in global review: Tracking progress through national submissions to the UNFCCC Secretariat. Environmental Education Research, 27(5), 631–651.


McKenzie, M. (2021b). Climate change education and communication in global review: Tracking progress through national submissions to the UNFCCC Secretariat. Environmental Education Research, 27(5), 631–651.


McKenzie, M. (2022). Global biopolitics of climate change. In F. Rizvi, B. Lingard, & R. Rinne, Reimagining Globalization and Education (1st ed., pp. 148–163). Routledge.


McKenzie, M. (2023). The geopolitics of climate change and education policy. In R. J. Tierney, F. Rizvi, & K. Ercikan (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Education (Fourth Edition) (pp. 597–600). Elsevier.


McKenzie, M., & Stahelin, N. (2022). The global inter-network governance of UN policy programs on climate change education. International Journal of Educational Research, 116, 102093.


McKinnon, S., Breakey, S., Fanuele, J. R., Kelly, D. E., Eddy, E. Z., Tarbet, A., Nicholas, P. K., & Ros, A. M. V. (2022). Roles of health professionals in addressing health consequences of climate change in interprofessional education: A scoping review. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 5, 100086.


Monroe, M. C., Plate, R. R., Oxarart, A., Bowers, A., & Chaves, W. A. (2019). Identifying effective climate change education strategies: A systematic review of the research. Environmental Education Research, 25(6), 791–812.


Muukkonen, P. (2023). Geography education to help understand discrimination in climate change and health. The Lancet, 401(10382), 1075–1076.


O’Neill, B. C., Jiang, L., Kc, S., Fuchs, R., Pachauri, S., Laidlaw, E. K., Zhang, T., Zhou, W., & Ren, X. (2020). The effect of education on determinants of climate change risks. Nature Sustainability, 3(7), Article 7.


Oversby, J. (2015). Teachers’ Learning about Climate Change Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 167, 23–27.


Pham, T. (2022). The child education and health ethnic inequality consequences of climate shocks in Vietnam. Economics of Education Review, 90, 102311.


Ramadani, L., Khanal, S., & Boeckmann, M. (2023). Climate change and health in school-based education: A scoping review protocol. PLOS ONE, 18(3), e0282431.


Rannard, G., & Stallard, E. (2022, July 22). Climate change: First bill written by children on climate education. BBC News.


Ranney, M. A., & Velautham, L. (2021). Climate change cognition and education: Given no silver bullet for denial, diverse information-hunks increase global warming acceptance. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 42, 139–146.


Richards, C., Holmes, M., Nash, R., & Ward, A. (2023). Nursing in the Anthropocene–translating disaster nursing experience into climate crisis nurse education. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, S1557308723000641.


Rousell, D. (2016). Dwelling in the Anthropocene: Reimagining University Learning Environments in Response to Social and Ecological Change. Australian Journal of Environmental Education, 32(2), 137–153.


Rousell, D., Cutter-Mackenzie, A., & Foster, J. (2017). Children of an Earth to Come: Speculative Fiction, Geophilosophy and Climate Change Education Research. Educational Studies, 53(6), 654–669.


Rousell, D., & Cutter-Mackenzie-Knowles, A. (2020a). A systematic review of climate change education: Giving children and young people a ‘voice’ and a ‘hand’ in redressing climate change. Children’s Geographies, 18(2), 191–208.


Rousell, D., & Cutter-Mackenzie-Knowles, A. (2020b). Uncommon Worlds: Toward an Ecological Aesthetics of Childhood in the Anthropocene. In A. Cutter-Mackenzie-Knowles, K. Malone, & E. Barratt Hacking (Eds.), Research Handbook on Childhoodnature (pp. 1657–1679). Springer International Publishing.


Sampaio, F., & Sequeira, C. (2022). Climate anxiety: Trigger or threat for mental disorders? The Lancet Planetary Health, 6(2), e89.


Schrot, O. G., Peduzzi, D., Ludwig, D., Riede, M., & Keller, L. (2021). Is it possible to build adolescents’ cognitive adaptive capacity through climate change education? Insights into a two-year long educational programme in North Tyrol (Austria) and South Tyrol (Italy). Climate Risk Management, 33, 100327.


Senevirathne, M., Amaratunga, D., Haigh, R., Kumer, D., & Kaklauskas, A. (2022). A common framework for MOOC curricular development in climate change education—Findings and adaptations under the BECK project for higher education institutions in Europe and Asia. Progress in Disaster Science, 14, 100222.


Stevenson, R. B., Nicholls, J., & Whitehouse, H. (2017). What Is Climate Change Education? Curriculum Perspectives, 37(1), 67–71.


Strange, R. (n.d.). Curriculum for a Changing Climate—New Subjects Launched! Retrieved 10 May 2023, from


Tang, K. H. D. (2022). A model of behavioral climate change education for higher educational institutions. Environmental Advances, 9, 100305.


The Lancet Planetary Health. (2022). Walking the talk? The Lancet Planetary Health, 6(5), e380.


Tolppanen, S., Kang, J., & Riuttanen, L. (2022). Changes in students’ knowledge, values, worldview, and willingness to take mitigative climate action after attending a course on holistic climate change education. Journal of Cleaner Production, 373, 133865.


Torres, C., & Dixon, J. (2023). Pathways to Climate Health: Active learning and effective communication to optimize climate change action an evaluation of the climate change and renal health awareness and education toolkit for healthcare providers: Reducing climate-health risks in primary care. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 9, 100198.


Ungar, S. (2000). Knowledge, ignorance and the popular culture: Climate change versus the ozone hole. Public Understanding of Science, 9(3), 297–312.


Vamvalis, M. (2023). “We’re fighting for our lives”: Centering affective, collective and systemic approaches to climate justice education as a youth mental health imperative. Research in Education, 003452372311600.


Verlie, B. (2020). From action to intra-action? Agency, identity and ‘goals’ in a relational approach to climate change education. Environmental Education Research, 26(9–10), 1266–1280.


Winthrop, C. K. and R. (2021, March 26). Unleashing the creativity of teachers and students to combat climate change: An opportunity for global leadership. Brookings.


Wysession, M. E., LaDue, N., Budd, D. A., Campbell, K., Conklin, M., Kappel, E., Lewis, G., Raynolds, R., Ridky, R. W., Ross, R. M., Taber, J., Tewksbury, B., & Tuddenham, P. (2012). Developing and Applying a Set of Earth Science Literacy Principles. Journal of Geoscience Education, 60(2), 95–99.


Żuk, P. (2023). The school as a means of changing or reproducing attitudes towards climate protection? Energy education in the context of class differences and “energy habitus”. Journal of Cleaner Production, 390, 136140.


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